When a constant current is passed by way of a thermometer of resistance Rt and a fixed reference resistor of known value Rs, the voltage across them will be in direct proportion with their resistance values.
The ratio of the two voltages and therefore of the two resistors, can be measured very accurately using high-precision voltage divider techniques employed in the AC bridges with ASL technology. As Rs is known, Rt could be determined from n=Rt/Rs, where n may be the measured ratio.
The benefits of the AC bridge
The low-frequency AC (alternating electric current) bridge technology has major advantages over DC (direct current) systems for high-precision measurement of platinum resistance thermometers, two of which are:
DC generates small voltages in the thermometer, reference resistor and cables, across every junction where different materials are used, (for example copper, tin, platinum, palladium, nickel etc.). These voltages add to or subtract from the measured voltages and so are dependent on the various temperature differences at the junctions, hence they are known as ? digital pressure gauge ?. These variable voltages cause measurement errors and the more accurate DC bridge systems switch the polarity of the existing to try to solve the issue, taking between two and four seconds for every reversal. By using the ASL technology, the AC bridges perform this reversal automatically 75 times another, a much more effective solution.
Active circuits, which are key to the performance of DC systems, suffer from ambient temperature changes plus the ramifications of component ageing. Fundamental to the ASL AC bridges accuracy is its inductive voltage divider ? a passive, precision voltage divider, the performance which is unaffected by ambient temperature change and by time. DC bridges require very stable and accurate electronics to attain their performance. Because active circuitry within the AC bridge is secondary to performance, the consequences of active component drifts and ageing are therefore minimised. This results within an instrument which will not require regular recalibration to stay within specification.
Home elevators our resistance thermometry bridges can be found on the WIKA Website.